Sustainable Development Goals Glossary Class 10

What is SDG ?
Ai Impact on SDG
What is MDG ?
Why SDG ?
Direct Impact
Kyoto Protocol
History of SDG
Indirect Impact
Name of SDGs
Goal of SDGs
Rio+ 20

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) were adopted by all United Nations (UN) members in 2015 to ensure peace and prosperity all over the world by the year 2030.

It was a universal call in 2015 to all 193 United Nations members to end poverty, project the planet and ensure that all the people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030.

Why SDG ?

Sustainable means to use something for a long time.

To use natural resources and energy in such a way that it remains conserve for the future generations, is called Sustainable Development.

Basically in Sustainable Development we limits the usage of natural resources or give them proper time for their refreshment.
For example: Natural resource like coal takes a long time to get refresh.

Earlier there was Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) assigned by UN in September 2000, have to be completed in 2015 but it failed due to certain reasons.

Why MDGs Failed ? MDGs failed because they were:
  • Unrealistic Goals
  • Only considering Devolving Nations
  • Weak Governance
  • Mismanagement
  • Less Targets
  • Lack of Effectiveness
  • Lack of Transparency

SDG is also known as Global Goals as it have to be achieved by all UN Members.

Name of 17 SDGs
  1. Goal 1: No Poverty
  2. Goal 2: Zero Hunger
  3. Goal 3: Good Health and Well-being
  4. Goal 4: Quality Education
  5. Goal 5: Gender Equality
  6. Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
  7. Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
  8. Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
  9. Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
  10. Goal 10: Reduce Inequality
  11. Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
  12. Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
  13. Goal 13: Climate Action
  14. Goal 14: Life Below Water
  15. Goal 15: Life on Land
  16. Goal 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
  17. Goal 17: Partnership To Achieve Goal

Brief History of SDGs

In 1992 there was earth summit in a Brazil city of Rio De Janeiro.
After the 20 years of this earth summit, again there was a earth summit named Rio + 20. In this summit the foundational steps were taken towards sustainable development.

The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, is also known as Earth Summit

In Rio + 20 it has decided that the time limit of Kyoto Protocol will be increased till 2020, and further plains will be discussed in 2015.

What is Kyoto Protocol ?
  • Signed: 11 Dec 1997 in, Kyoto Japan
  • Purpose: Reduce in Green House Gas Emission
  • Effective: 16 Feb 2005
  • Expiration: Not Decided (Has to be expired in 31 Dec 2012 but increased till 2020)

On 25 september 2015, a resolution named 70/1 was passed in UN and is called "A new Development Agenda" ie, Transforming our world. That year the time period of MDGs also get over on 25 december and after that SDGs was adopted.
SDGs of 2030 Agenda came into effect on 1 January 2016. Implementation of Sdgs is described as "Localizing The SDGs to Highlight the Role of Local Institutions & Local Actor".
This New Development gathered all the factors of SDGs together. That are Economic Growth, Social Inclusion and Environmental Protection.

The 17 SDGs are integrated : that means the impact or action one SDG can be seen on others, and that the development must be balance, social, economic and environmental sustainability.

The pledge that was taken with the launch of SDG were Leave No One Behind.

It was also committed that we will bring certain human-social problems to zero, such as zero poverty, hunger, discrimination.
Every one have to achieve these ambitious targets. The creativity, knowledge, technology and financial resources from all of society is necessary to achieve the SDG in every context.

Role of UNDP in SDGs

The SDGs were set by UN but the responsibility to implement it was in another body named UNDP.

United Nation development Programme (UNDP) is under UN and made to implement the SDGs.

What is UNDP?

UNDP is the lead body of UN and is responsible to help and implement the goals in some 170 countries and territories.
In Today's world it is nearly impossible to handle complex challenges alone from stopping the spread of disease to preventing conflict. For Example: Corona Virus. Every country is dealing with it.
UNDP basically builds a platform where a countries can help each other.

Achieving the SDGs requires the partnership of governments, private sector, civil society and citizens alike to make sure we leave a better planet for future generations !

elements of ai

Goals of SDGs

Targets Of SDGs

1. Zero Poverty: The countries will bring the poverty to zero, that means they will end it.
2. Zero Hunger: The countries will end the hunger.
3. Good Health & Well Being: Provide every citizens of every countries with this assets.
4. Quality Education: Investment will be made on education to improve its quality.
5. Gender Equality: Ending the discrimination in different genders.
6. Clean Water And Sanitation: Access of clean water and proper hygiene to all.
7. Affordable and Clean Energy: The cost of energy (eg: Electricity) will be brought down without causing any environmental affects.
8. Decent Work and Economic effect: Finding ways to reduce work while boosting the economy.
9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure: To build sustainable industries, supporting Innovations and improving infrastructure.
10. Reduce Inequalities: Reducing the inequalities within and among the countries.
11. Sustainable Cities & Communities Developing Cities, upgrading communities and removing slum settlement by ensuring that they are sustainable.
12. Responsible Consumption and Production Limiting our consumption and increasing production so that the natural resources can be sustain.
13. Climate Action Reducing the green-house gas emersion and tacking positive actions towards climate change.
14. Life Below Water Taking care of our marine world.
15. Life On land Protect our eco system.
16. Peace Justice and Strong Institutions Providing peaceful societies, ensuring justice and building strong institutions at all level.
17. Partnerships For Goals Helping each other to reach the goals at both national and international level.

AI Impact On SDGs

AI4Good aims to use Artificial Intelligence to achieve SDGs Goals faster.

Direct Impacts Of Ai on SDGs

Ai-based technologies can directly impact these SDGs goal.

High Impact
1. Decent work and Economic Growth (SDGs-8).
Ai can be trained to reduce the work of humans and boosting the world economy.
2. Industry, innovation and Infrastructure (SDG-9).
Ai is the newest technology it can provide the solution for innovations, also Ai has a large impact of Industry as it can perform their daily-task more efficiency.

Medium Impact
1. Good health and Well-being (SDG-3).
2. Quality Education (SDG-4).
3. Sustainable Cities and Communities (SDG-11).
4. Peace, Justice and strong Institutions (SDG-16).

Minor Impact
1. Gender Equality (SDG-5).
2. Reduced Inequality (SDG-10).
3. Climate Action (SDG-13).

Direct Impact SDG  

Indirect Direct Impacts Of Ai on SDGs

These SDGs are affected indirectly by AI

High Impact
1. No Poverty (SDG-1): Ai Sector will produce new employment to peoples, thus providing them with salary and ending poverty.
2. Zero Hunger (SDG-2): Ai can provide more accurate data of the places affected by hunger which can be used to help them (eg. Food Distribution).
3. Responsible Production and Consumption (SDG-12): Ai is high yeld technology which means it can give a huge production without taking much consumptions.

Minor Impact
1. Clean Water and Sanitation (SDG-6).
2. Affordable and Clean Energy (SDG-7).
3. Life below Water (SDG-14).
4. Life on Land (SDG-15).
5. Partnership for Goals (SDG-17).

Indirect Impact SDG

Video On SDGs

Source: UNICEF Georgia

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