What is Artificial Intelligence ?

Ai In Short FlowChart

Artificial Intelligence has always been a term which intrigues people all over the world.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to the ability of machines to perform cognitive tasks like thinking, perceiving, learning, problem solving and decision making.


Artificial Intelligence is the Intelligence of machines and it is the branch of Computer Science that is concerned with the automation of intelligent behaviours.

Definations by Organizations

It is inspired by the ways people use their brains to perceive, learn, reason out and decide the action.

Various organizations have coined their own versions of defining Artificial Intelligence. Some of them are mentioned below:

Computers with the ability to mimic or duplicate human brain

NITI Aayog: National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence

AI refers to the ability of machines to perform cognitive tasks like thinking, perceiving, learning, problem solving and decision making. Initially conceived as a technology that could mimic human intelligence, AI has evolved in ways that far exceed its original conception.

With incredible advances made in data collection, processing and computation power, intelligent systems can now be deployed to take over a variety of tasks, enable connectivity and enhance productivity.

World Economic Forum

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the software engine that drives the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Its impact can already be seen in homes, businesses and political processes. In its embodied form of robots, it will soon be driving cars, stocking warehouses and caring for the young and elderly.

It holds the promise of solving some of the most pressing issues facing society, but also presents challenges such as inscrutable “black box” algorithms, unethical use of data and potential job displacement.

As rapid advances in machine learning (ML) increase the scope and scale of AI’s deployment across all aspects of daily life, and as the technology itself can learn and change on its own, multi-stakeholder collaboration is required to optimize accountability, transparency, privacy and impartiality to create trust

European Artificial Intelligence (AI) leadership, the path for an integrated vision

AI is not a welldefined technology and no universally agreed definition exists. It is rather a cover term for techniques associated with data analysis and pattern recognition.

AI is not a new technology, having existed since the 1950s. While some markets, sectors and individual businesses are more advanced than others.

AI is still at a relatively early stage of development, so that the range of potential applications, and the quality of most existing applications, have ample margins left for further development and improvement.

Encyclopedia Britannica

Artificial intelligence (AI), isthe ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term is frequently applied to the project of developing systems endowed with the intellectual processes characteristic of humans, such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize or learn, from past experience.

Types of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)

What is ANI ?

Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)

Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI